What do you need to know about urethritis?

psychiatrist, sexologist, psychotherapist
  • Published:
    22 November 2022
What do you need to know about urethritis?

    Urethritis is an inflammation of the mucous wall of the urethra. There are different types of urethritis. The most common are infectious urethritis (specific and nonspecific), and non-infectious one.

    Infectious-specific urethritis is caused by sexually transmitted infections (gonorrheal, trichomonad). Infectious non-specific urethritis develops due to the microflora (streptococci, staphylococci, Gardnerella) which are normally present in the body but get activated only during inflammatory processes.

    Non-infectious urethritis develops after any trauma of the mucosa of the urethra, which is possible during medical manipulations on the urethra, such as the insertion of a catheter into the bladder. Allergic reactions, constriction of the urethra, also to aggressive or extremely frequent masturbation can be possible causes.

    The first symptoms of urethritis are:

  1. Painful urination with frequent urges 
  2. A burning sensation at the beginning and end of urination
  3. Discharges from the urethra, resulting in its redness and adhesion of the external orifice
  4. Itching and redness of the urethra
  5. Increased body temperature, general malaise.

    Symptoms of acute urethritis occur within a few days in the case of specific urethritis and in 5-20 days in the case of nonspecific urethritis. Late diagnosis and improper treatment can provoke the development of a chronic form of the disease. Manifestations of chronic urethritis - scarce discharge from the urethra, especially in the morning, moderate pain, and itching in the urethra.

    Such symptom of urethritis in men as abnormal changes in the process of urination requires immediate medical attention. These include delayed onset of urine output, decreased intensity of flow, interruption of the process, the release of urine by drops, and absolute delay. If such signs are detected, it is necessary to urgently consult a urologist, because if not treated on time, the disease may acquire a chronic form, and the inflammatory process may pass to other organs of the genitourinary system - the prostate, seminal vesicles, testicles.

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