Endocrine Diseases of the Male Genitalia

psychiatrist, sexologist, psychotherapist
  • Published:
    21 March 2023
Endocrine Diseases of the Male Genitalia

   Hormones are produced in the body due to the effective work of the endocrine system, which is closely linked to other systems of the male body, affecting the work of internal organs.

   Hormonal malfunctions disrupt the entire course of sexual life and the sexual sphere as a whole, manifesting themselves in the form of:

  • Feminization. The male figure acquires feminine features which means fat is deposited on the hips, breasts grow, and the timbre of the voice changes.
  • Loss of sexual function: The libido diminishes, erections weaken, and problems with ejaculation (weak orgasm or premature ejaculation) occur.
  • Infertility: Sex cells are not being appropriately produced and lose the ability to fertilize.

   The male hormone responsible for the sex drive in men is testosterone, which is produced in the testicles by the luteinizing hormone. Low testosterone levels, elevated levels of prolactin and/or cortisol, and changes in thyroid hormones cause all the symptoms of hormonal malfunction.

   Hormonal disorders in men are more common during puberty (17-20 years), in which case patients have been prescribed drugs that restore testosterone levels. Medications are prescribed for continuous use in adulthood and old age to maintain the right testosterone level.

   Hormonal imbalance is also caused by diabetes, which damages small vessels and nerve endings, resulting in erectile dysfunction, retrograde ejaculation, and infertility in men.

   Men who are addicted to vigorous exercise and the uncontrolled use of anabolic steroids gradually disrupt their body's testosterone production, which leads not only to sexual dysfunction but also to infertility.

   External factors affecting the entire functioning of the endocrine system include stress, unhealthy lifestyle, lack of physical activity, unhealthy diet, unhealthy habits, diseases or injuries of the testicles, and male menopause. If you notice or suspect a hormonal imbalance, consult an endocrinologist, a urologist, an andrologist, or a sexologist.

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